Disney Research



In this paper, we present a Differentiable Optimal Control (DOC) framework that facilitates the transfer of rich motions from either animals or animations onto these robots. Interfacing with either motion capture or animation data, we formulate retargeting objectives whose parameters make them agnostic to differences in proportions and numbers of degrees of freedom between input and robot. Optimizing these parameters over the manifold spanned by optimal state and control trajectories, we minimize the retargeting error. We demonstrate the utility and efficacy of our modeling by applying DOC to a Model-Predictive Control (MPC) formulation, showing retargeting results for a family of robots of varying proportions and mass distribution. With a hardware deployment, we further show that the retargeted motions are physically feasible, while MPC ensures that the robots retain their capability to react to unexpected disturbances.

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