Disney Research


Resource-Constrained Medium Access Control Protocols for Wearable Devices-Image
Wearable devices communicate directly with each other. When out of coverage range of the network infrastructure (for example due to a limited number of fixed access points), wireless services can be offered more reliably and with less disruption.

This work introduces a customized medium access control protocol, called DrxMAC, for resource-constrained radio devices. The protocol is based on a time-slotted communication scheme with a simple automated slot allocation based on device identities. DrxMAC deploys an in-slot listen-before-talk approach to maximize the slot usage when a slot is shared by multiple devices. The objective of our protocol is to minimize the use of the memory footprint and battery consumption. Further, it should be scalable even without support of a network infrastructure. DrxMAC is evaluated with a testbed implementation on Nordic Semiconductor’s nRF24LE1 (nRF24L) radio system on a chip. This system is often used for low-latency, low-throughput communication in consumer electronics such as wearables, wireless keyboards, or game controllers. It has recently been used in a large roll-out of wearable beacon devices that enable new personalized applications in entertainment theme parks. Such theme parks are controlled environments and can serve as model environment for smart cities. We believe that introducing ad-hoc networking for the wearable devices (as enabled by DrxMAC) will open the path towards new applications not only for theme parks but related applications in smart cities. We argue that our customized protocol approach improves the coverage range of such wearables and outperforms existing state-of-art protocols in terms of resource and energy efficiency. We compare different configurations and existing standard protocols proposed for sensor networks and the Internet-of-Things and analyze the performance of our DrxMAC testbed implementation with focus on packet delivery ratio, energy consumption, and scalability.

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