We present several mixed reality based remote collaboration settings by using consumer head-mounted displays, including an AR system linked with an AR system, a VR system with virtual body, a VR system without virtual body and a desktop computer. We investigated how two people are able to work together in these settings. We found that the person in the AR system will be regarded as the leader (greater contribution) in AR-to-VR and ARto- Desktop settings, whereas two participants’ performance in AR-to-AR and AR-to-VRBody settings are very similar to each other for the 3D interaction. However, no special pattern of leadership emerged for the 2D interaction. Results about participants’ experience of leadership, collaboration, embodiment, presence, and co-presence shed further light on these findings.
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